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Battle of CSS Alabama vs. USS Kearsarge off the coast of Cherbourg, France, 1864
 
What was happening in Great Britain, France, Canada, Russia, and other countries as they saw the American experiment in democracy seeming to fall apart? Although no country officially recognized the Confederacy, ships bought surreptitiously in England became Southern sea raiders (e.g., CSS Alabama and CSS Shenandoah), roaming both the Atlantic and Pacific to prey upon Union shipping. The only attack on a far Northern town (St. Albans, Vermont) was launched from Canada. Meanwhile, Napoleon III of France was able to install his own puppet, Emperor Maximilian, in Mexico.

  Click on a title below to access the article.
Assassination: 'Our American Cousin' survives at Ford's  
Bermuda consul takes on blockade runners  
British officer: A look at conflict through his eyes  
Canada: America's northern neighbor and the war  
Canada: Brotherhood 'army' invades in 1866  
Canada: Fears of a victorious U.S. drive nationhood  
Canadian masquerading for the Union  
Capturing Rebel ship, international flack  
CSS Georgia: A record of a gentleman raider  
Diplomatic war over Rebel ships  
England: Battle for hearts and minds fought  
English ceremony honors Southern patriots  
Henry Stanley's life as soldier, famous explorer  
Lincoln's legacy goes beyond U.S. borders  
Lyman E. Knapp: Alaska's Link to the War  
Marx applies class struggle to conflict in States  
Marx: Defeat of 'slavocrats' part his world vision  
Napoleon's shadow over American warriors  
Naval showdown catches eye of Europe  
Prussian 'Long Blade' came to fight for the South  
Rebels flee to Mexico, weaken emperor  
Review: Actress's domestic conflict doesn't make a war  
Russia uses Alaska sale to thwart Britain  
Vermont raid creates international incident  
Vigilant envoy finally stops ship after attacks end  
 
 
    The Slavery Period
(1619-1860)

The American Revolution, Constitution and Founding
Fathers (1770-1820)

Jacksonian Democracy, Abolitionism and the Failure
of Unity (1820-1860)
 
    1861       1863        1865
1862       1864
 
    Abraham Lincoln
Other Unionists
Jefferson Davis
Other Confederates
 
    Ulysses S. Grant
Other Union Leaders

Robert E. Lee
Other Confederate Leaders
 
  Union Soldiers and Sailors
Confederate Soldiers and Sailors
Northern Civilians
Southern Civilians
 
  Slavery During the War
The Growth of Freedmen
The Emancipation Proclamation
United States Colored Troops
 
  The North
The South
From Slavery to Freedom
– and Back Again
 
   
 
  Washington, DC, Area During the War
Richmond During the War
The Medical Field During the War
Modern Events About the Civil War
Movies About the Civil War
Newspapers, Magazines, Books on the Civil War
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