Since it gained Independence, India's path into the modern world has been far from easy. Urban needs have conflicted with traditional rural expectations and ways of life. New technologies have brought opportunities but also unexpected challenges. But a foundation of core values and accepted ways has helped guide the process. Emerging today as one of the world's preeminent economies, India still has much to do to reconcile the new with the old. This Special Collection introduces some of the core issues and discussions regarding India's progress toward the global forefront.